Local Waste Issues on the Bellarine

Food for thought …….

Half of all food wasted

By Mark Halper | January 10, 2013, 4:43 AM PST

Refer for complete article : http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/bulletin/half-of-all-food-wasted/9855?tag=nl.e662&s_cid=e662


Dare to eat ’em. Crooked carrots are good, and good for you.

The world throws away up to half of its food according to an alarming report that blames consumers’ fussy preference for cosmetically appealing produce, supermarket promotions that encourage overbuying, and deficient storage, transportation and agricultural practices.

Out of the 4 billion produced annually, between 1.2 billion and 2 billion metric tons of food never reaches a human stomach, the UK’s Institution of Mechanical Engineers says in Waste Not Want Not – Global Food Waste: Feeding the 9 billion.

“The amount of food wasted and lost around the world is staggering,” says Tim Fox, IME’s head of energy and environment. “This is food that could be used to feed the world’s growing population – as well as those in hunger today. It is also an unnecessary waste of the land, water and energy resources that were used in the production, processing and distribution of this food.

“The reasons for this situation range from poor engineering and agricultural practices, inadequate transport and storage infrastructure through to supermarkets demanding cosmetically perfect foodstuffs and encouraging consumers to overbuy through buy-one-get-one-free offers.”

The annual water wastage from growing discarded crops totals about 550 billion cubic meters, IME reports.

As shocking as this situation is today, it could become much worse by 2075 when, according to United Nations estimates, the world will have to feed an extra 3 billion people as the population surges to 9.5 billion.

“As water, land and energy resources come under increasing pressure from competing human demands, engineers have a crucial role to play in preventing food loss and waste by developing more efficient ways of growing, transporting and storing foods,” Fox says.

Consider IME’s report as food for thought the next time you reject a crooked carrot or a lumpy apple.

Photo: Carleton Garden Blogspot

Small–medium business Waste Assessments available FREE

Small–medium business Waste Assessments available FREE


 P:  03 5272 4879F:   03 5272 4855E:  futureproofinggeelong@geelongcity.vic.gov.au 
 Future Proofing Geelong
This may be of interest to those of you who are small–medium businesses interested in reducing your waste.
Future Proofing Geelong
Dear Colleagues,
As per attached flyer and information below we have a limited number of free Waste Assessments available.
This offer is across all of Victoria so local businesses need to act fast as we have limited numbers of audits available.
Businesses receive a free report detailing the findings from the assessment including cost saving, waste avoidance/minimisation recommendations.
Essentially we are seeking small to medium size businesses in the Accommodation, Food Services (restaurants & cafes etc) and Manufacturing industries to participate in a waste assessment and materials efficiency project. If the business generates approximately 240 litres of landfill waste per day and are willing to have a consultant conduct a waste assessment on site they will receive access to this as a free service.
Ideally, if you could please let your customers and contacts know about this offer ASAP I would be grateful.
FYI all the details are included in attached PDF and below email.
Or for further details please contact Liza Coventry on 8662 5147.
Thanks for your support.

James Gulli | Regional Account Manager | Membership Services |
VECCI – Geelong  | 20 Little Ryrie Street | Geelong VIC 3220 | www.vecci.org.au |
D: 03 5227 7990 | T: 03 5227 7900 | M: 0419 754 775 | F: 03 5223 3958

Dear Member,VECCI is looking for SMEs in the Manufacturing and Accommodation and Food Services industries to participate in a waste assessment and materials efficiency project. If you generate approximately 240 litres of landfill waste per day and are willing to have a consultant conduct a waste assessment at your site, your business has the opportunity to access this free service.What does my business get from participating in this project?
Businesses that participate in this project will receive:
An on site waste and materials efficiency assessment conducted by a VECCI Sustainability Consultant.
A report detailing the findings from the assessment including cost saving, waste avoidance/minimisation recommendations.What’s involved in a waste assessment?
VECCI’s consultants will assess one day’s worth of collected landfill waste; weighing and measuring the predominant materials. They will also conduct an interview with an appropriate staff member to gather information on business operations and processes and key material inputs such as raw materials or fresh produce. The consultant will be on site for 3-4 hours.What does it cost to participate?
It doesn’t cost anything for your business to participate, this project is being funded by the state government through the Beyond Waste Fund. All we ask is for a short amount of your time.What we need from you
To participate, your business will need to:
Operate within the Manufacturing or Accommodation and Food Services industries.
Generate approximately 240 litres of landfill waste per day (this amount would equal approximately 1.5m3 per week).
Have an area on site where a VECCI consultant could conduct the waste assessment.
Be available to have the waste assessment undertaken at your site between:
12 November – 7 December 2012 or 7 – 31 January 2013.
To express your interest in this project or request more information, please contact VECCI Sustainability Services on 03 8662 5196 or email sustainability@vecci.org.au.

Biochar: Carbon Conservation for Home, Health, Energy & Climate

For full detail: http://2012.biochar.us.com/299/2012-us-biochar-conference-presentations

History & Industry
The Paleoclimate Record shows that Agricultural-Geo-Engineering is responsible for 2/3rds of our excess greenhouse gases. The unintended consequence, the flowering of our civilization. Our science has now realized these consequences and has developed a more comprehensive wisdom.

Wise land management, Afforestation and the Thermal Conversion of Biomass can build back our Soil Carbon. [1]  Pyrolysis, Gasification and Hydro-Thermal Carbonization are known biofuel technologies.                                                                                                           What is new are the concomitant benefits of biochars for Soil Carbon Sequestration; building soil biodiversity & nitrogen efficiency, for in situ remediation of toxic agents, and, as a feed supplement cutting the carbon foot print of livestock.

Modern systems are closed-loop with no significant emissions.                                            The general life cycle analysis is: every 1 ton of biomass yields 1/3 ton Biochar equal to 1 ton CO2 equivalent, plus biofuels equal to 1MWh exported electricity, so each energy cycle is 1/3 carbon negative.                                                                                                                   Cutting edge, third generation companies, aiming for drop-in fuels report that 1 ton of biomass yields 75 gallons of bio-gasoline and 1/3 Ton Biochar. [2].                                        Another pathway is production of Ammonia and Biochar from biomass, making Agriculture Fossil Free Fertilizer , [3] In combination; Farmers can be Fossil Carbon Free utilizing less than 3% of their fields.
Beyond Rectifying the Carbon Cycle: Biochar systems Integrate nutrient management, serving the same healing function for the Nitrogen Cycle and Phosphorous Cycle.
A 50% – 74% reduction of NH3 loss when composting [4], Ag manure char absorbs phosphorus for nutrient credit income, CHP, Biomass Crop & energy grants.                                       When carbon comes to account, as Carbon Farming in Australia has, another big credit. In southwestern Ohio, a facility will be drying 45,000 tons of dairy manure per year, producing 3,000 tons of High Phosphorus Biochar via oxygen-starved gasification. The equipment for this project is being installed as we speak, and the facility should be fully operational in October.
Biochar feed supplements attend to the Carbon “Hoof, Paw & Fin Prints” of animal husbandry. The fostering of intestinal Wee-Beasties leads to improved husbandry metrics that run the gamut; less mortality, increased feed conversion rates, general health and product quality.                                                                                                                         In Aquaculture, with species of indeterminate growth, in shrimp, fish & clams, a doubling in size. Switzerland has 50,000 chickens and thousands of cows under carbon feed protocol, eliminating chronic botulism and manure odors. A cascading use of Biochar from silage, to cow, to compost, to field, closing the loop of nutrient management while building soil carbon.
Working to integrate the many applications of Biochar for enteric health, for mine scarred lands, as an in situ bioremediation for a host of toxic agents & pesticides, in addition to carbon negative energy, has been the most rewarding work of my life, networking and collaborating with a host of organizations across the globe.                                                   My goal is total symbiotic integration of nutrients, carbon and energy by the husbandry of whole new orders and kingdoms of microbial life. To recruit the Wee-Beasties from numerous biomes allows nature to do the heavy lifting, to solve many dilemmas in our macro world. There is plenty of room at the bottom, and Biochar has provided the tools to explore this vast unseen realm.                                                                                                                 The Delinat Foundation, Carbon Terra and Black Carbon DK. in Europe and SuperStoneClean Biochar in Japan, are the leaders in these integrated protocols. [5]
The compounding soil benefits; reduced nitrogen loss & soil CO2e emissions and a 17% increased water efficiency are documented in trials across soil types and climates. BlueLeaf, in Canada, has nine different trials, over the last four years, Vineyards and universities across Europe for five years, Virginia Tech now in their seventh year, the Australians are heading into their eighth year in broad acre study. [6]
Economies at all scales: Local economic stimulus is at all scales of development, from the Global Clean Cook Stove Alliance, to base load manure systems, to industrial biomass power production. My heroes are the engineers without Borders who have promoted clean cook stoves, Pyrolytic and Gasifing stoves that burn any biomass cleanly and 41% more efficiently. No black-lung, no emphysema, no deforestation, all the while building soil carbon for continually sustainable yields.                                                                                                   Please look at the work of the Biomass Energy Foundation. At scale, replacement of three rocks in a pot, across Africa would have the health impact equivalent of curing malaria and AIDS combined. [7]
Beyond nutrient management, Biochar hold high value for the remediation of heavy metals, mine scarred lands and Brownfields. Biochar Solutions has been a pioneer in these applications. DuPont initiated trials after I shared with them the pertinent papers from the ISU conference. A 95% reduction of Mercury uptake into the food chain was achieved in vitro, after one year the in situ pilot study is currently showing a 50% reductions and climbing. This DuPont and Oak Ridge National Laboratory collaboration is now being expanded, when taken to full-scale, showing these promising results, we could be eating fish out of the Shenandoah River within the decade.


Erich J. Knight
Shenandoah Gardens
1047 Dave Berry Rd. McGaheysville, VA. 22840
Skype; Erichj11 (under my shengar@aol.com address)
Technology Adviser;
Eco-technologies Group; http://thebiocharcompany.com/
Chairman; Markets and Business Committee
2010 US Biochar Conference, at Iowa State University

Keeping in touch with the Waste Policy Review

 Keeping in touch with the Waste Policy Review 

As you already know the Department of Sustainability and Environment and environment portfolio partners are conducting a review of waste policy.
With the consultation period complete, it is an opportune time to send you an update on the review and its next steps.   Since the March launch of the discussion paper, 71 submissions were received and they have been invaluable in giving the review team a picture of what people consider to be issues.
Additionally, an engagement program of 17 workshops was rolled out across the state and we were pleased that over 400 people attended these sessions.
The public submissions can now be found online at www.dse.vic.gov.au/waste
Later this year a draft waste policy paper will be released for public comment as the next step in the Government’s reform of waste management.
Keeping in touch with the Waste Policy Review – If you haven’t already, get in touch with the team at wastepolicy@dse.vic.gov.au to join the conversation online at our Yammer group for information and feedback from the engagement sessions. The Yammer group is part of a private, online social network that allows invited stakeholders to make comments, ask questions or share information, so get involved.

Waste Management and Resource Efficiency

Waste Policy Review

With Victoria’s current waste policy (Towards Zero Waste) ready to sunset in 2014, the Victorian Government has embarked on a broad review of the existing waste policy settings and practices.WastePolicyReviewPaper
The Waste Policy Review, led by DSE in partnership with portfolio partners will create a new solid waste policy that reflects and balances the needs of key stakeholders including industry, local government and the community.

Waste Policy Review engagement

To ensure that the new policy can deliver strong environmental, social and economic outcomes, it was important to hear from our stakeholders. DSE and portfolio partners ran an extensive engagement phase during March and April 2012. Over 400 people attended one of 17 Waste Policy Review workshops run across the state. These workshops gathered input and advice from stakeholders to help inform the development of new policy.
Later this year a draft waste policy paper will be released for public comment as the next step in the Government’s reform of waste management.

Written submissions to the Waste Policy Review

Submissions closed on May 3 2012. As part of the engagement, stakeholders were invited to make a submission to the review, guided by the Waste Policy Review discussion paper.
Waste Policy Review Discussion Paper [PDF File – 1.0 MB]
Waste Policy Review Discussion Paper – accessible version  [RTF File – 343.8 KB]
Public submissions to the Waste Policy Review can be viewed here

Keeping in touch with the Waste Policy Review

Get in touch with the review team at wastepolicy@dse.vic.gov.au and join the conversation online at our Yammer group, for information and feedback from the engagement sessions.
The Yammer group is part of a private, online social network that allows invited stakeholders to share comments and ideas, view documents and links as well as gain up to date information about things happening in waste policy in Victoria – all in one online space.
It works in a similar way to Facebook, however it operates only within a private network of stakeholders, not to the entire world wide web.

About Victoria’s waste policy review

Several high level reviews have revealed that Victoria’s current waste policy framework is not meeting its expected aims, with many economic opportunities going unrealised. Such reviews include:

  • The Victorian Auditor General’s performance audit into Municipal Solid Waste Management (June 2011)
  • The Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission’s report A Sustainable future for Victoria: Getting Environmental Regulation Right (2009) which led to the review of State Environment Protection Policies (SEPPs)
  • The Victorian Ombudsman’s Brookland Greens Estate – Investigation into Methane Gas Leaks (2009)

The Minister for Environment and Climate Change announced the review of Victoria’s Waste Policy on 5 March 2012 [PDF File – 184.2 KB].
The review will be focused primarily on:

  • The strategic, legislative, institutional and investment settings that influence the nature and performance of waste management and;
  • Solid municipal waste, commercial and industrial waste, and construction and demolition waste.

The consultation phase has now concluded, and it provided a strong foundation for determining how partners can best work together and integrate decision making. Stakeholder contributions and feedback are being used to draft a new waste policy, which will be presented to the Minister for Environment and Climate Change.

Resource recovery NOT waste

Mexico City launches massive composting project

By Lauren Villagran | May 23, 2012, 3:00 AM PDT

CIUDAD NEZAHUALCOYOTL, Mexico – An afternoon wind whips up small tornados of acrid dust across mounds of earth that resemble an ancient burial ground.
Only what’s buried here on 75 acres just outside Mexico City is the capital’s first large-scale compost plant. The city recently shuttered the last landfill it operated and on a piece of unused land at the site, started composting.
City officials tout the facility as the largest in Latin America and one of the largest of its kind in the world.
Each day, tractor trailers filled to the brim with organic garbage – the rinds, peels, pits, meat and bones and other natural materials that amount to the city’s leftovers – dump their cargo here, where the waste is buried, aerated, mixed with microorganisms, monitored for temperature and “cooked” into compost over a period of 40 days.
Mayor Marcelo Ebrard oversaw the closing of the sprawling landfill, the Bordo Poniente, in December. His administration has been working to find alternatives for disposing of the roughly 12,600 tons of trash the city generates daily.
Since the plant came online at the start of the year, the city is now composting roughly 80 percent of its organic waste, according to Ricardo Estrada, who directs the city’s recycling and composting programs.
That’s an important figure, he said, given that 40 percent of Mexico City’s trash is organic. In more developed countries, the trash mix includes far less organic matter and much more dry, inorganic material, such as plastics, aluminum, cardboard and other packaging, he said. Mexico’s trash is very “wet” by contrast.

The city has plans to eventually sell the compost to agricultural producers in and around the city, but so far it’s not up to farming quality. For now, the city is using the compost to fertilize green spaces including parks and medians.
“It’s going to be a resource that we didn’t have before,” Estrada said.
Mexico City dabbled with the idea of composting for nearly a decade before committing to developing a plan two years ago, Estrada said. One obstacle was that the powerful city sanitation workers union couldn’t see the benefit of separating out the organic trash – when they dedicated most of their time to separating out recyclables, which could be sold. Now, at the plant, the city pays each tractor-trailer 50 pesos, or about $3.60, per ton of organic material.
“People weren’t convinced that composting was an alternative,” said Estrada. “All the systems had been focused on recycling.”
Now the city just needs to work out what to do, long-term, with all the trash that remains after the compost and recyclables are weeded out. For now, it’s destined for dumps in nearby Mexico State – at least until those communities decide they no longer want the capital’s waste.
Photos: Lauren Villagran
Reproduced from http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/global-observer/mexico-city-launches-massive-composting-project/5590?tag=nl.e660